The historical backbone of the discipline is a celebratory chronology of beautiful creations commissioned by public or religious bodies or wealthy individuals in western Europe.
The dates of the initial settlement of Tonga are still subject to debate; nonetheless, one of the oldest occupied sites is found in the village of Pea on Tongatapu.
Radiocarbon dating of a shell found at the site reportedly dates the occupation at 3180 ± 100 BP (Before Present).
"In Athens and other Greek city-states [approximately 1100 BC - 400 BC], the status of atimia [literally without honor, a form of disenfranchisement] was imposed upon criminal offenders.
This status carried the loss of many citizenship rights, including the right to participate in the polis (polity).
Most notably, these are the Haʻamonga ʻa Maui and the Langi terraced tombs.
The Haʻamonga is 5 meters high and made of three coral-lime stones that weigh more than 40 tons each.
First, philosophy of history utilizes the best theories in the core areas of philosophy like metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics to address questions about the nature of the past and how we come to know it: whether the past proceeds in a random way or is guided by some principle of order, how best to explain or describe the events and objects of the past, how historical events can be considered causally efficacious on one another, and how to adjudicate testimony and evidence.
Second, as is the case with the other area-studies, philosophy of history investigates problems that are unique to its subject matter.
These problems and many more that are specific to the past have been studied and debated for as long as philosophy itself has existed.