The Lalibela Cross (or Afro Ayigeba) is a large, elaborately decorated processional cross, considered one of Ethiopia's most precious religious and historical heirlooms.
It is held by the Bet Medhane Alem, the House of the Redeemer of the World, a 12th-century rock-cut church in Lalibela.
Ethiopian crosses are unique among Christian art for their variety of form.
Emanating from a central square inscribed with a pattée cross, two short side arms and two longer vertical arms with rectangular openings terminate in stepped forms.
Three of these terminal points are punctuated by cruciform openings, and support additional pattée crosses at their summits.
Like many Ethiopian processional crosses, the bottom of the cross is supported by "Adam's arms", a motif that realistically or abstractly portrays the arms of Adam.
On processional crosses they are draped with brightly colored pieces of cloth for festive occasions.
However, this scholar actually writes that Dawit had an image (icon) statuette made in her [Mary's] likeness and adorned it with gold and silver and precious stones.
He prayed constantly to this image, day and night (p. He rightly concludes that it cannot be determined with absolute certainty whether the object was an icon (painting) or a statuette (p.Secondly there are popular arts and crafts such as textiles, basketry and jewellery, in which Ethiopian traditions are closer to those of other peoples in the region.Its history goes back almost three thousand years to the kingdom of D'mt. Nor does he acknowledge the fact that the problem of periodization is still open for discussion. Moreover, he relies on a number of erroneous statements in other sources, raising serious questions about this text. He does not seem aware of other possibilities which have been documented more elaborately.The "pre-Axumite" Iron Age culture of about the 5th century BCE to the 1st century CE was influenced by the Kingdom of Kush to the north, and settlers from Arabia, and produced cities with simple temples in stone, such as the ruined one at Yeha, which is impressive for its date in the 4th or 5th century BCE.