Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation", although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.
It is a longing for love, a longing to have value in my mother’s life and a longing to feel like I mattered to her.
That longing is a longing for something that has never really been there.
Corlin, past president of the American Medical Association said: "The United States leads the world—in the rate at which its children die from firearms." He concluded: "Gun violence is a threat to the public health of our country." Furthermore, violence often has lifelong consequences for physical and mental health and social functioning and can slow economic and social development.
In 2013, assault by firearm was the leading cause of death due to interpersonal violence, with 180,000 such deaths estimated to have occurred.
This initial categorization differentiates between violence a person inflicts upon himself or herself, violence inflicted by another individual or by a small group of individuals, and violence inflicted by larger groups such as states, organized political groups, militia groups and terrorist organizations.
These three broad categories are each divided further to reflect more specific types of violence.
Maybe she was filled with love when she looked down at me, when I was so little, so fragile and perfect in my helplessness. Maybe she thought that my dependency on her was love.
How was she loved and what did she think that love was?
Out of the 4,476 women and 3,493 children staying in shelters on the snapshot date of April 16, 2014, 78% (or 3,491 women and 2,742 children) were there primarily because of abuse. Available:  Women and alcohol: Social Perspectives, Patsy Staddon, Policy Press, 2015. id=jk MMCg AAQBAJ&pg=PT87&lpg=PT87&dq=double standard about alcohol for women&source=bl&ots=Ko Ozsfduga&sig=cc RO08Zccm7Qiahs Gca T154u AK0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ah UKEwj Jg ZX8uo XOAh XHp YMKHf Ak AT04Ch Do AQg9MAc#v=onepage&q=double standard about alcohol for women&f=false  Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2014, Statistics Canada.