Persian qalyan is included in the earliest European compendium on tobacco, the tobacolgia written by Johan Neander and published in Dutch in 1622.
Perhaps, you have heard of the White Hall Sewer Pipe and Stoneware factory. Here we saw two very large engines and many smaller ones. Some of these were run by steam, and these run others, and made electricity to run still other engines.
From here we went to the place where the clay is mixed and ground.
; also see other names) is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (called Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.
The hookah or Argyleh soon reached Egypt and the Levant during the Ottoman dynasty from neighbouring Safavid dynasty, where it became very popular and where the mechanism was later perfected.
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Air trapped within the clay body needs to be removed.
This is called de-airing and can be accomplished either by a machine called a vacuum pug or manually by wedging.
The widespread use of the word "hookah" in the English language is a result of the colonization under the British Raj (1858–1947), when large numbers of expatriate Britons first sampled the water pipe.
William Hickey, shortly after arriving in Kolkata, India, in 1775, wrote in his Memoirs: The most highly-dressed and splendid hookah was prepared for me. As after several trials I still found it disagreeable, I with much gravity requested to know whether it was indispensably necessary that I should become a smoker, which was answered with equal gravity, "Undoubtedly it is, for you might as well be out of the world as out of the fashion.
Wedging can also help produce an even moisture content.