Both depend in part on whether the non-Catholic spouse is a baptized Christian or a non-baptized person, such as a Jew, Muslim or atheist.
If the non-Catholic is a baptized Christian (not necessarily Catholic), the marriage is valid as long as the Catholic party obtains official permission from the diocese to enter into the marriage and follows all the stipulations for a Catholic wedding.
Justified by faith in Baptism, [they] are incorporated into Christ; they therefore have a right to be called Christians, and with good reason are accepted as brothers by the children of the Catholic Church.
I figured he ought to know, because he used to be Catholic himself." "What made him decide Catholics aren't Christians? When he was little in Poland, he was taught that you earn your way into heaven by being good. Because of our age-old rebellion against God, we humans are in a desperate situation. Now what it means to be a Christian is to be in a redeeming relationship with Jesus — to let the Rescuer rescue you. What could be simpler that the Reformers saying 'Justification is by faith alone' and the Catholics saying 'No, it's not'? "In the first place, Protestants and Catholics have sometimes used the word 'justification' in different senses.
let him be anathema,' which means 'condemned.'" "I know that too." "But it's not so simple." "What do you mean?
The initial movement within Germany diversified, and other reform impulses arose independently of Luther.
The spread of Gutenberg's printing press provided the means for the rapid dissemination of religious materials in the vernacular.
The short answer is that any time one man and one woman of legal age exchange consent (I do), the marriage is assumed to be valid until proved otherwise (even if neither is baptized) since we believe that "natural marriage" is written deep in the hearts of all men and women.
That means two athiests (e.g.) who marry in Las Vegas in front of an Elvis impersonator are still presumed to be in a valid marriage, until proved otherwise.
The Protestant position, however, would come to incorporate doctrinal changes such as a complete reliance on Scripture as a source of proper belief (sola scriptura) and the belief that only faith, and not good deeds, bring salvation (sola fide).
The core motivation behind these changes was theological, though many other factors played a part, including the rise of nationalism, the Western Schism that eroded faith in the Papacy, the perceived corruption of the Roman Curia, the impact of humanism, and the new learning of the Renaissance that questioned much traditional thought.
Although there had been significant earlier attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church before Luther – such as those of Jan Hus, Peter Waldo, and John Wycliffe – Martin Luther is widely acknowledged to have started the Reformation with his 1517 work The Ninety-Five Theses.
Luther began by criticizing the sale of indulgences, insisting that the Pope had no authority over purgatory and that the Catholic doctrine of the merits of the saints had no foundation in the gospel.
Theologican Robert Hater, author of the 2006 book, “When a Catholic Marries a Non-Catholic,” writes: “To regard mixed religion marriages negatively does them a disservice.